حافظ الدروبي

Born 1914, Baghdad, Iraq; died 1991, Baghdad. Al-Droubi is considered one of the pioneers of Iraqi modern art as he made several early contributions to its

Hafidh al-Droubi was one of the first Iraqi artists to study abroad, commencing his artistic training at the Accademia Reale in Rome (he returned to Iraq in 1936).

Al-Droubi was also a founding member of the Society of the Friends of Art, whose membership included Jewad Selim, Faiq Hassan, and Abdul Qadir al-Rassam. Established in 1941, this was the first official artist collective in Iraq. The group not only aimed to give artists an intellectual space in which to engage with each other's art practices but also to cultivate an appreciation of art amongst the general public. One way the Society did this was to hold annual exhibitions

In Baghdad, al-Droubi was regarded as a leading figure in the contemporary arts scene; in 1942, he established the first freelance atelier In 1953, al-Droubi founded the Impressionist Group as an extension of his work as an art educator. The group’s formation was largely due to his interest in advancing the country’s arts education curriculum as his selection of group members was not based on artists’ stylistic interests but on the idea of creating a collective educational approach to art-making. He was chair of the Society of Iraqi Plastic Arts and dean of the Academy of Fine Arts, Baghdad, for six years. Al-Droubi is not only known for his art –which displays his early interest in academic painting, the influence of Polish Impressionism, Cubism and to an extent Futurism – but for the integral role he played in

the development of arts education in Iraq. He held solo exhibitions in 1951 ,1941 and 1972, and participated in the Impressionists Group’s exhibitions as well as the contemporary Iraqi exhibition held in Beirut in 1965. He was also one of four artists decorated by the state

at the 1972 Al-Wasiti Festival. His work is held in public collections including the Museum of Modern Art, Baghdad; Mathaf: Arab Museum of Modern Art, Doha; and Jordan National Gallery of Fine Arts, Amman.


​1972        ​Solo-Exhibition, Baghdad, Iraq

​1964        ​Contemporary Iraqi Art Group Exhibition, Beirut, Lebanon

               ​Various Exhibitions in Europe

​1957        ​The Baghdad Exhibition of Painting and Sculpture, Al-Mansur Club, Baghdad, Iraq

​1952        ​Ibn Sina Exhibition, Baghdad, Iraq

​1951        ​Solo-Exhibition, Baghdad, Iraq

​1945        ​Exhibition of the Society of the Friends of Art, Baghdad, Iraq

​1943        ​Exhibition of the Society of the Friends of Art, Baghdad, Iraq

               ​A Permanent Collection of Paintings and Drawings made in Iraq, Directorate General of Antiquities, Baghdad, Iraq

​1942        ​Exhibition of the Society of the Friends of Art, Baghdad, Iraq

​1941        ​Solo-Exhibition, Baghdad, Iraq

               ​Exhibition of the Society of the Friends of Art, Baghdad, Iraq


Received honorary awards from the Society of Iraqi Plastic Arts and the Union of Iraqi Artists





Plastic art exhibition, Iraqi imprint in the Nabo
أصبوحة التشكيلي حافظ الدروبي


الفنان التشكيلي حافظ حسن الدروبي