Abdul Qadir RASSAM (1882-1952)
Title:
Scene from AlBadia
Medium:
Oil on Canvas laid on Board
Date of creation:
1918
Artwork Commentary:

This painting documents a scene from AlBadia of Iraq, which extends over a vast area of approximately 200,000 sq km and includes AlBadia of Jazira, the Northern Badia, and the Southern Badia. Its borders are the Euphrates River to the east and the northern mountain range in Iraqi Kurdistan. It is a natural extension of the valley in the north of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the eastern Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, and the southeast of the Republic of Syria. It is now inhabited by nomadic Bedouins and is used as grazing areas for its Bedouin inhabitants, interspersed with oases, some cities, and valleys that form torrents when rainfall occurs. The desert differs from the Badia in the percentage of rain precipitation, its enjoyment of life, and its creatures and green plants as it appears in the painting. The desert of Iraq was a destination for the successive migrations of tribes and clans from the Arabian Peninsula in different periods, significantly changing Iraqi society's social nature. During this period, the artist worked as a teacher in the Saleh castle in southern Iraq, located on the Al-Kahla riverbank and belonged to the Maysan Governorate.

Title:
Scene of AlKadhimayn through Tigris, Baghdad
Medium:
Oil on Canvas laid on Board
Date of creation:
1923
Artwork Commentary:

The painting shows two domes and four minarets wholly covered with blue faience bricks of the shrines of Imam Musa Bin Jaafar (The seventh Imam, born 128 AH / 745 CE - 183 AH / 799 CE) and his grandson, Imam Mohammad Al-Jawad (The Ninth Imam, born 195 AH / 810 CE - 220 AH) / 835 AD) according to the Twelver Muslims, they are descendants of Imam Ali Bin Abi Talib and Sayyida Fatima Al-Zahraa, daughter of the Prophet Mohammad (PBUH). The shrines are located in the Karkh region, called the Quraish Cemeteries in Abbasid Baghdad, and now called the Al-Kadhimiya area. This painting documents the architecture of the mausoleums before the fifteenth century AD.

Title:
Batas Village in Rawanduz, Northern Iraq
Medium:
Oil on Canvas
Date of creation:
1930
Artwork Commentary:

Abdul Qadir Rassam was fond of realistic painting; sometimes, he paints from a picture, and sometimes, he paints from a reality that he seeks to live and meditate on to transform his colors and creatures into images on the surfaces of his works. He drew this view from Batas village, one of Rawanduz villages. The picturesque city is famous for its valleys, fresh springs, and pure streams, located 10 km east of the Bekhal Waterfall, and 123 km from Erbil. A connected series of Zagros mountains surround the region. Cork Mount is to the south, Hendern Mount to the north, Zuzek Mount is to the west, and Bradasot Mount is to the east.